Why is the Al-Aqsa Mosque Compound a flashpoint for the Israel-Palestine battle?

Israeli police entered the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound on Sunday, April 17, which led to a different spherical of clashes with Palestinians

Israeli police entered the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound on Sunday, April 17, which led to a different spherical of clashes with Palestinians

The story to this point: Within the newest bout of tensions between the Israel authorities and Palestinians, a minimum of 152 Palestinians have been injured in clashes with the Israeli police in Jerusalem’s Al-Aqsa Mosque compound on Friday, April 15. The Israeli forces fired rubber bullets, stun grenades, and baton-charged the Palestinians, who the forces stated hurled stones and firecrackers at them and towards the Jewish prayer space of the Western Wall.

The Israeli Prime Minister Naftali Bennett stated after the incident: “We’re working to revive calm, on the Temple Mount and throughout Israel. Alongside that, we’re getting ready for any state of affairs and the safety forces are prepared for any process.”

This was adopted by another incident on Sunday, April 17, which left 17 Palestinians injured in clashes when the Israeli police entered the Al-Aqsa compound to safe the best way for Jewish guests.

Why the Al-Aqsa Mosque?

The Al-Aqsa Mosque compound, additionally known as Temple Mount by the Jews, has been essentially the most delicate web site within the Israel-Palestine battle as either side have made rival claims over it.

The location in East Jerusalem is holy for 2 of the three monotheistic world religions — Islam and Judaism.

In response to the Islamic scripture, Masjid al-Aqsa, that means the farthest mosque, is the place Prophet Muhammad reached on the finish of his evening journey, or Isra, from the sacred mosque of Makkah.

The Al-Aqsa compound or Haram al-Sharif (the Noble Sanctuary), hosts 4 necessary constructions — the mosque itself, the Islamic shrine referred to as the Dome of the Rock, the 4 minarets, and the gates of the compound.

It’s from the rock contained in the Dome of the Rock that the Prophet is believed to have ascended to heaven. Al-Aqsa is the third most necessary web site for followers of Islam after Makkah and Medina.

The mosque hosts every day prayers and enormous gatherings for Friday prayers, attended by Palestinians, Arabs from Jerusalem, and Muslims from all around the world who go to in giant numbers throughout the holy month of Ramzan, which is at the moment underway.

The Temple Mount for the Jews is the holiest web site in Judaism as it’s believed to be the location of the primary and the second biblical temples; Jews can go to the Mount however should not allowed to wish right here.

Temple Mount is alleged to be the location which King David selected to construct the primary biblical temple because it was believed to be the place the place Abraham had ready to sacrifice his son, Isaac. The primary temple, constructed by David’s son Solomon, was destroyed throughout the Babylonian conquest. A second temple was constructed on Temple Mount in about 515 BC, nevertheless it was destroyed by the Romans in 70CE.

The Western or Wailing Wall, atop which the Temple Mount or Al-Aqsa compound stands, is the one remaining a part of the biblical temple, and that is the place Jews from Israel and throughout the globe come to wish.

When Israel secured victory within the 1967 Arab-Israeli Warfare, it occupied the Outdated Metropolis and annexed East Jerusalem. In an act not internationally recognised, it declared Jerusalem because the capital of Israel in 1980.

The Palestinian facet additionally claims Jerusalem because the capital of a future state that it hopes to create for the Palestinians.

The Al-Aqsa compound is run by the Islamic Waqf (endowment) of the Hashemites of Jordan, who’re believed to be the direct and collateral descendants of the Prophet.

In 1987, the Palestinians began the First Intifada or rebellion in opposition to the Israeli occupation of the territories of the West Financial institution, East Jerusalem, and the Gaza Strip (which is ruled by the Islamist group Hamas since 2007).

The Al-Aqsa compound is seen as delicate as observers concern that clashes there can provide rise to a bigger battle — a 3rd Palestinian Intifada. Clashes within the compound are what led to the Second Intifada within the 12 months 2000 when former President of Israel Ariel Sharon and a delegation visited the location with Israeli riot police. This resulted in violent clashes and a crackdown by the police that left many lifeless.

After this, violent clashes have taken place a number of occasions on the Al-Aqsa compound between worshippers on the Mosque and the Israeli police after the latter raided the realm, leading to casualties. A Might 2021 conflict led to a devastating 11-day conflict between the Hamas operating the Gaza Strip and the Israeli forces.

What triggered the present clashes at Al-Aqsa?

This month’s clashes could be attributed partially to the coinciding of the Islamic holy month of Ramzan which started on April 2, with the Jewish vacation of Passover which started on Friday, April 15, and can final until April 23.

The bigger set off, nevertheless, was the sequence of avenue assaults on Israelis, reportedly by Palestinian and Arab assailants, in late March. On March 29, a Palestinian gunman (as described by Israeli media), shot at Israelis in Jerusalem, killing a minimum of 5 folks.

This was a 3rd avenue assault of its sort that week. On March 27, two gunmen killed two Israeli cops in a taking pictures within the metropolis of Hadera in Israel. Earlier than that, on March 22, an attacker killed 4 Israelis by ramming a automobile and stabbing them.

Publish the assaults, the Israeli police had remained on excessive alert; and on April 15, clashes broke out when Palestinian worshippers gathered within the compound for Friday prayers.

The Israeli forces stated a whole bunch of Palestinians hurled firecrackers and stones at them and on the Western Wall, after which the previous cracked down with rubber bullets, stun grenades, and baton-charge, supposedly in order that the opposite peaceable worshippers may disperse. The clashes injured 152 Palestinians and the police detained a whole bunch of them after the clashes.

The Hamas demanded that the police return the arrested people and cease “provocative visits” to Al-Aqsa by Jews.

On April 17, comparable clashes befell injuring 17 Palestinians. The Israeli police stated they entered the compound to assist with the routine go to of Jews, who’re allowed to go to the Temple Mount however to not pray there.

Police added that the Palestinians had stockpiled stones and arrange limitations in anticipation of violence.

After the clashes, Israeli police accused Palestinians of “defiling and desecrating” the holy web site, whereas Palestinian officers accused Israel of making an attempt to divide the delicate holy web site.

The 2021 Al-Aqsa clashes and the next 11-day battle

Within the clashes on the Al-Aqsa compound between Palestinian protesters and Israeli police within the month of Ramzan in Might final 12 months, 205 Palestinians and 12 officers have been injured.

These clashes have been one of many three triggers of the 11-day conflict between Hamas forces on the Palestine facet and the Israeli army. Each side engaged in lethal air and missile strikes, and the battle resulted in a number of deaths and injury to property, not solely however totally on the Palestinian facet.

It left 260 Palestinians, together with 39 girls and 67 youngsters, lifeless in Gaza, and wounded over 1,900.

The primary set off was the concern of Palestinians that they’d face pressured evictions from the Sheikh Jarrah locality of East Jerusalem by the hands of Israeli authorities, owing to a authorized case pertaining to their residence within the space.

The second was a “provocative” march carried out by far-right Israeli teams on Might 6, or Jerusalem Day — the day Israel annexed East Jerusalem in 1967. This was additionally the day the Israeli Supreme Court docket was as a consequence of maintain a listening to within the case of the Sheikh Jarrah evictions.

On Might 7, after hundreds of worshippers had gathered within the Mosque Compound for Friday prayers, a whole bunch stayed again after the prayer to protest in opposition to the doable pressured evictions of Palestinians from Sheikh Jarrah. This was when the stone pelting and police crackdown befell.

This triggered the Hamas to fireplace rockets at Jerusalem and different elements of Israel. Gaza and different Palestinian areas then noticed a number of devastating airstrikes from the Israeli facet, ensuing within the 11-day war.

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