Welcome house! China’s Shenzhou-13 taikonauts return from area station

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China’s Shenzhou-13 astronauts, or taikonauts, Zhai Zhigang, Wang Yaping and Ye Guangfu, returned house safely on Saturday morning after a record-breaking 183-day mission in area.

The return capsule carrying the trio touched down on the Dongfeng touchdown web site in north China’s Inside Mongolia Autonomous Area at 9:56 a.m. after a journey of about 9 hours from the nation’s area station.

China declared the Shenzhou-13 mission an entire success after the medical crew ready on web site confirmed that every one three taikonauts have been in good well being.

“All procedures went easily,” mentioned Solar Jun, mission chief of the Area Station Mission at Beijing Aerospace Flight Management Heart. “The re-entry capsule was in upright place and good for taikonauts to come back out.”

“The return mission is ideal,” he mentioned.

Click here for CGTN’s livestream of Shenzhou-13’s journey home

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Zhai, the commander of the mission, was the primary to come back out of the capsule, waving to the cheering crowd on web site with an enormous smile. He mentioned he felt superb.

He was adopted by Wang, the primary feminine taikonaut to enter China’s area station. “I wish to inform my daughter, mother returned after reaching for the celebrities,” she mentioned.

Ye exited final from the capsule. “My first flight to area lasted six months, which was a problem to me. My area dream got here true,” he mentioned.

Learn extra: 6 months in space: What impact will it have on humans?

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A quick journey house

The crew’s journey house lasted simply 9 hours.

At 12:44 a.m., the Shenzhou-13 spacecraft, consisting of three modules – the return capsule, the orbital module and the propelling module – detached from the Tianhe core module of China’s area station, which orbits the Earth at an altitude of about 400 kilometers.

At 09:06 a.m., the return capsule and the propelling module separated from the orbital module.

At 09:30 a.m., the braking engine of the return capsule began working to sluggish it down, and it then separated from the propelling module.

About 14 minutes later, the parachute of the return capsule was deployed.

And at 9:56 a.m., the return capsule efficiently landed and the restoration crew arrived on the touchdown level.

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Highlights of the Shenzhou-13 mission

Launched on October 16, 2021, this was the second manned mission for the meeting of China’s area station, following final yr’s Shenzhou-12 mission, which lasted three months from June 17 to September 17.

The Shenzhou-13 mission is the longest-ever crewed mission within the nation’s manned area program.

Throughout their keep on board the area station, the crew verified key applied sciences, together with the in-orbit transposition of the spacecraft and robotic arm operation of heavy masses, accumulating precious expertise for the next in-orbit meeting and development of the area station.

Two spacewalks have been carried out by the crew. On November 7, 2021, Wang turned the primary feminine taikonaut to do a spacewalk.

In addition to scientific missions, the crew additionally gave two stay science lectures from the area station, throughout which they carried out varied experiments and answered questions from college students watching on Earth. 

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What to anticipate subsequent? 

With the completion of the Shenzhou-13 mission, the “know-how verification section” of China’s area station challenge is over and it’ll now enter the “in-orbit development section.”

“The important thing know-how verification stage for the China area station has been an entire success,” mentioned Yang Haifeng, crew chief of the Shenzhou-13 Spaceship Flight Management Know-how Staff on the China Academy of Area Know-how (CAST). “We’re prepared to show to the Shenzhou-14 and Shenzhou-15 missions. The long run missions have superb footing.”

Development on the area station is scheduled to be accomplished in 2022.

The meeting section throughout the six missions following Shenzhou-13 is anticipated to be explicit difficult, in accordance with Bo Linhou, the deputy chief designer of the area station system at CAST.

“There might be many first-time makes an attempt, for instance, in-orbit transition for area modules, and new makes an attempt to maneuver cargo out of the station for development with out taikonauts going out,” Bo mentioned. However he added these challenges might be sorted out with assist from the bottom. 

China will launch this yr the Tianzhou-4 cargo spacecraft, which can ship provides for the Shenzhou-14 crewed spaceship that can comply with shortly after. Two lab modules, Wentian and Mengtian, might be despatched successively into area.

Every lab module will first dock with the entrance docking port of the core module earlier than being transferred by the area station’s robotic arm to aspect docking ports.

This may create a T-shape complicated as soon as development is full.

China’s completed area station will weigh practically 100 metric tonnes. And it will likely be capable of host six astronauts collectively, for a brief time frame. 

Referring to the present section of improvement, Bo mentioned: “I give 100 out of 100.”

The Tianzhou-5 cargo spacecraft and the Shenzhou-15 crewed spaceship will then be launched to start the in-orbit rotation of the area station’s crew. 

A telescope capsule will even be despatched into area to fly in the identical orbit because the area station to offer commentary information for astronomical and bodily research.

After finishing the area station, China plans to hold out extra intensive and in-depth worldwide cooperation. 

Learn extra: China looks to have foreign astronauts on board its space station some day

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