Vijay Diwas 2021: Why was India’s victory in the 1971 war important for strategic reasons, and what was achieved through the formation of Bangladesh?

Summary

The 1971 Indo-Pak War, also known as the Bangladesh Liberation War, was a victory for the Indian Armed Forces over Pakistan. To mark the occasion, Vijay Diwas is celebrated on December 16 every year in India. Today, on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of Bangladesh’s independence, memories of the martyrdom and fighting of Indian soldiers are revived.

Listen to the news

There have been instances in the history of every country that have filled the country with solidarity and pride. December 16, 1971 was one such event in the modern history of India and on that day our Armed Forces achieved tremendous success. The new nation created Bangladesh by liberating East Pakistan from long struggle and suffering. With this historic victory, on the one hand, India defeated its enemy, and on the other hand, East Pakistan, desperate to become an independent nation, secured its future by seceding from Pakistan.

A large number of Indian soldiers were killed
Vijay Diwas is celebrated every year to commemorate the same day. December 16 is a day to salute the bravery of the soldiers. A large number of Indian soldiers sacrificed their lives in the 1971 war for Bangladesh’s independence. About 3900 Indian soldiers were martyred and 9851 wounded. Under the leadership of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, India recorded an unprecedented victory and about 93,000 troops surrendered before General Jagjit Singh Arora of the Indian Army in Dhaka under the command of Pakistan Lieutenant General AK Niazi. In 1971, East Pakistan was separated from Pakistan to form what is now Bangladesh. Thus, India has an important contribution to make in the independence of Bangladesh.

What is the strategic and diplomatic significance of Bangladesh’s liberation for India?

Defense expert Major General AK Sivach (retd) explained the strategic and diplomatic importance of Bangladesh becoming an independent country for India. He said that when Jinnah went to East Pakistan in 1948, he said that there should be one country, one language, sowed the seeds for Bangladesh to become a separate country and now Bengali Muslims could not live with them. In the 1970 elections, Mujibur Rahman’s party, the East Pakistan Awami League, won a landslide victory.

The Awami League has a majority to form a government in Pakistan’s 313 – seat parliament. This is because the Mujib party won 169 to 167 seats in East Pakistan. But the West Pakistani leaders and military regime that controls Pakistan did not accept Mujib’s rule over Pakistan. Insurgent fires erupted in East Pakistan. People took to the streets. The army tried to quell the uprising. On March 25, 1971, the West Pakistani army began its atrocities against the Bengalis. Of these, at least 30-40 lakh died and about one crore came to India.
Liberation of Bangladesh is not possible without India
Sivach said that if India did not help Bangladesh at that time, it would be difficult to create Bangladesh because the East Pakistan Army did not have the strength to compete with the West Pakistan Army. The Indian Army assisted in the liberation of East Pakistan. The liberator was actually the East Pakistan Army, which liberated Bangladesh from Pakistan. The fighting began on December 3rd. The war ended on December 17. Liberation of Bangladesh is not possible without India. Mujibur Rahman became the first Prime Minister of the country.

Dividing the power of the enemy and weakening Pakistan
Sivach opined that India needs to do something to avoid creating enemies on either side. We are also good at splitting the enemy in two and making the enemy the friend of the enemy. In doing so, at least ending our hostility towards East Pakistan, it was a major diplomatic victory for India. India divided the strength of the enemy and weakened Pakistan.
East Pakistani insurgents may also target India
East Pakistan has appealed to India for help, saying that if India does not help, East Pakistan rebels are likely to target India as well. But due to Indira Gandhi’s foresight, India did not want such a situation, and when Pakistan invaded India on December 3, India responded appropriately. It was Sam Manekshaw’s pragmatism and his moral courage that allowed the Armed Forces to prepare themselves for this mission. In this way we got a better friend than Pakistan. Today Bangladesh is our ally.

Pakistan recognizes India’s power
Sivach said China stood by the US while India was helping Bangladesh gain independence. America came to threaten us, but the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was not afraid, she did not even care about America. In the same year we signed a friendly agreement with Russia. Russia was very powerful at that time. Then Russia helped us. With the spectacular victory of the Indian Army, Pakistan lost control of its territory in the east. It was not just a war, it was a living testament to the bravery of the Indian Army in the world.

Range

There have been instances in the history of every country that have filled the country with solidarity and pride. December 16, 1971 was one such event in the modern history of India and on that day our Armed Forces achieved tremendous success. The new nation created Bangladesh by liberating East Pakistan from long struggle and suffering. With this historic victory, on the one hand, India defeated its enemy, and on the other hand, East Pakistan, desperate to become an independent nation, secured its future by seceding from Pakistan.

A large number of Indian soldiers were killed

Vijay Diwas is celebrated every year to commemorate the same day. December 16 is a day to salute the bravery of the soldiers. A large number of Indian soldiers sacrificed their lives in the 1971 war for Bangladesh’s independence. About 3900 Indian soldiers were martyred and 9851 wounded. Under the leadership of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, India recorded an unprecedented victory and about 93,000 troops surrendered before General Jagjit Singh Arora of the Indian Army in Dhaka under the command of Pakistan Lieutenant General AK Niazi. In 1971, East Pakistan was separated from Pakistan to form what is now Bangladesh. Thus, India has an important contribution to make in the independence of Bangladesh.

.

[ad_2]

Source link

Leave a Comment

%d bloggers like this: