Vijay Diwas 2021: How did Bangladesh get out of the hands of Pakistan and why the war between India and Pakistan?

Summary

Today marks the 50th anniversary of the emergence of Bangladesh. On the occasion of Indian Victory Day and Bijoy Debos of Bangladesh, we bring you the story of the partition of Pakistan and the emergence of India, which will surely fascinate you with its history.

Today is Victory Day 50th Anniversary
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In 1971, there was a war between India and Pakistan. After 1965, Pakistan was again defeated by India. Apart from this, another country was born on the world map, but the question arises as to why Pakistan fell apart after 24 years of existence. Why did some part of it split and become Bangladesh? Did the story of the birth of Bangladesh start in 1971 or did it sow seeds in 1947 and did India jump into the fray only to help Bangladesh or was there some other motive behind it? If you have many such questions in mind on the occasion of Vijay Diwas 50th Anniversary also known as Bijoy Debos in Bengali, this special report is specially made for you.

The foundation for partition was laid in the 1950s.

Whenever we talk about the Second World War between India and Pakistan and the birth of Bangladesh, the year 1971 comes to the fore first, but very few know that the foundation for the formation of Bangladesh was in a way after the Indo-Pakistani partition. Immediately began to fall. Ethnic conflicts over Bengali identity and its identity began in East Pakistan, but originally began in the 1950s. In fact, the same year, India implemented its constitution and Pakistan also began to prepare for it. At the same time, Bengalis living in East Pakistan started a movement demanding proper promotion of the Bengali language. After a few days, the movement may be over, but the demands raised in it continue to grow steadily.

Relations between East and West Pakistan continue to deteriorate

Conflicts between people living in the eastern and western parts of Pakistan have been growing since the Indo-Pak partition. This conflict is not only based on living in different areas, but also based on language, culture, way of life and ideas. In such a situation, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman started the struggle for the independence of East Pakistan and for this he also announced a six point program. Because of all these actions, he and many other Bengali leaders targeted Pakistan. Pakistan has prosecuted Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and others as part of a crackdown, but the trick backfired.

The last injury caused by the 1970 general election

The movement, which began in 1950, may have been suppressed by West Pakistan, but failed to address the demands of Bengalis living in East Pakistan. This is the reason why the period of tension gradually reached the 1970s. By the end of the year, general elections had begun in Pakistan. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman proved his popularity during that period and his political party East Pakistan Awami League won 167 of the 169 seats in East Pakistan. Because of this, Mujibur Rahman has the overwhelming majority to form a government in the 313-seat Pakistani parliament, but the people who rule West Pakistan do not approve of his involvement in politics. This increased the discontent of the people of East Pakistan and they started a movement which was sent to East Pakistan to suppress the army.

And Bangladesh came into existence

The atrocities of the Pakistan Army, which began in East Pakistan, continue to grow. In March 1971, the Pakistani military overcame every barrier of barbarism. People demanding the independence of East Pakistan were brutally murdered. Incidents such as rape of women have become commonplace. In such a situation, the number of refugees coming to India from East Pakistan began to increase and the pressure on India to take action against Pakistan also increased. In such a situation, in late March 1971, the Government of India decided to assist in the liberation of East Pakistan. In fact, the Mukti Vahini was an army made by the people of East Pakistan, whose purpose was to liberate East Pakistan. On March 31, 1971, the then Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi made an important statement in the Indian Parliament. On July 29, 1971, a public declaration was made in the Indian Parliament to assist the East Bengal warriors. However, the Cold War between the two countries continued for several months. On December 3, 1971, when Pakistan invaded several cities in India, India also had to declare war. Just 13 days later, on December 16, 1971, with the surrender of the Pakistani army, Bangladesh became a new country on the world map. However, Bangladesh still celebrates its Independence Day on March 26, 1971, the day on which Sheikh Mujibur Rahman declared independence for East Pakistan.

India has determined many diplomatic aspects

During the Indo-Pakistani war of 1971, India also decided on several diplomatic aspects. With their help, India not only liberated East Pakistan from Pakistani oppression but also made the world proud of its decisions. The Cold War between the two countries was ongoing before the start of the war with Pakistan in December 1971. At that time, in October-November, the then Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi visited Europe and the United States. Also, presented the Indian perspective to the world. Political experts say the United States at the time wanted to improve relations with China by supporting Pakistan. For this reason he refused to listen to India. In such a situation, India signed a cooperation agreement with the Soviet Union, which benefited greatly from the 1971 war. In fact, during the Indo-Pak war, at one point, America came forward to help Pakistan. Japan sent its Seventh Fleet to the Bay of Bengal near Japan to assist Pakistan. In such a situation, Russia sent its nuclear-capable submarines and destroyers from the Pacific Ocean into the Indian Ocean to assist India. In such a situation, American forces could not reach out to help Pakistan and the outcome of the 1971 war came in favor of India.

Range

In 1971, there was a war between India and Pakistan. After 1965, Pakistan was again defeated by India. Apart from this, another country was born on the world map, but the question arises as to why Pakistan fell apart after 24 years of existence. Why did some part of it split and become Bangladesh? Did the story of the birth of Bangladesh start in 1971 or did it sow seeds in 1947 and did India jump into the fray only to help Bangladesh or was there some other motive behind it? If you have many such questions in mind on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of Vijay Diwas also known as Bijoy Debos in Bengali, this special report is specially prepared for you.

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