UP Assembly elections 2022: Will SP lose if it does not ally with Chandrasekhar Azad? What is the ABC of Dalit politics in UP?

Chandrasekhar Azad
– Photo: Amar Ujala

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In view of the importance of the Dalit vote bank in Uttar Pradesh, all leaders and parties are engaged in the task of putting their respective caste groups on the political board. In this regard, there were reports of an alliance between the Samajwadi Party and the Azad Samaj Party chief, but later party chief Chandrasekhar Azad told the media that Akhilesh did not need scheduled caste votes, so there would be no alliance between the SP and the Azad parties. . Chandrasekhar says he will now contest the elections alone.

Will the SP suffer if there is no alliance?
Akhilesh Yadav is contesting this time with the help of smaller parties. Dozens of Dalit leaders from the BSP were recruited into the SP last year in view of the SC vote bank. In October last year, the SP, led by former senior BSP leader Mithai Lal Bharti, launched the ‘Babasaheb Ambedkar Vahini’ for Dalits. While in the BSP, Bharti held several key positions, including the Purvanchal Zonal Coordinator. The alliance with Chandrasekhar Azad has been under discussion for the past few months. Chandrasekhar Azad met Akhilesh several times during this period.
Then why not an alliance?
Akhilesh Chandrasekhar’s willingness to give Azad two seats is said to be the main reason for the lack of alliance. Of these, perhaps one seat came from Saharanpur, where the Chandrasekhar influence was greater. Chandrasekhar says he wanted more than one seat, so there was no discussion on the alliance. The Bhim Army came to light after the caste violence in Saharanpur in 2017 and its chief Chandrasekhar Firebrand emerged as a Dalit leader. In the by-elections held in Bulandshahr last year, the Chandrasekhar party fielded its candidate. Azad Samaj Party came third in this election after SP-RLD.

What is the benefit of an alliance?
It is widely believed that an alliance between the two could pose a tough challenge to the BJP and BSP in some parts of western UP. The Chandrasekhar Azad Party has a strong presence in Saharanpur, Bijnor, Bulandshahr and Hathras districts. Under such circumstances, experts believe that the SP’s alliance with the Rashtriya Lok Dal in western Uttar Pradesh could jeopardize the BSP’s traditional vote bank. On the other hand, if there was a Jat-Dalit alliance here, the SP would have benefited a lot in the elections.

The second thing is that Chandrasekhar Azad says that there is a lot of craze among the youth and in such a situation, new and young voters can be swayed by SP Chandrasekhar. Jats make up about four per cent of the total population of Uttar Pradesh, but in western UP Jats make up close to 20 per cent of the population and Dalits over 25 per cent. At the same time, the Muslim population is between 30 and 40 percent.
Mayawati and Chandrasekhar belong to the same caste
According to senior political analysts, Mayawati and Chandrasekhar Azad belong to the same Dalit caste. Both belong to the Jatav community. Chandrasekhar Azad’s influence in western UP was so great that in this sense, if the SP had brought Chandrasekhar along with him in western UP, the participation of the Dalit community in the alliance would have increased. Yes, the total SC votes by Chandrasekhar will not come with the alliance, but new voters can definitely be found. This would have benefited the SP in western UP.

All parties are trying to break Mayawati’s vote bank
BSP chief Mayawati said the Dalit vote bank was ripped apart by all parties because the SC vote bank was the biggest issue. Almost all UP political parties feel that Mayawati’s influence before the 2007 Assembly elections is now gone. With this, all the political parties looked at the vote bank. That is why the Chief Minister of that state, Yogi Adityanath, is having a meal in the homes of Dalits.

sc What is the mathematics of politics
In Uttar Pradesh, more than 21 per cent are Dalits. It is divided into Jatav and Non-Jatav Dalits. Has always played a key role in state politics. In the past the SCs were considered as the vote bank for the Congress and later they went along with the BSP. However, the results of the last elections show that the SC vote bank is now moving away from Mayawati. On the basis of this vote bank, Mayawati was able to form the government four times in Uttar Pradesh.

Of the 403 assembly seats in UP, 84 seats are reserved for Scheduled Castes. Two seats are reserved for Scheduled Tribes. SCs are playing a big role in the 300 assembly seats in almost 50 districts. 20 districts have over 25% SC / ST population. Winning these 86 seats is essential not only in UP but also in the country, so every political party has to prepare its strategy based on these seats.

Range

In view of the importance of the Dalit vote bank in Uttar Pradesh, all leaders and parties are engaged in the task of putting their respective caste groups on the political board. In this regard, there were reports of an alliance between the Samajwadi Party and the Azad Samaj Party chief, but later party chief Chandrasekhar Azad told the media that Akhilesh did not need scheduled caste votes, so there would be no alliance between the SP and the Azad parties. . Chandrasekhar says he will now contest the elections alone.

Will the SP suffer if there is no alliance?

Akhilesh Yadav is contesting this time with the help of smaller parties. Dozens of Dalit leaders from the BSP were recruited into the SP last year in view of the SC vote bank. In October last year, the SP, led by former senior BSP leader Mithai Lal Bharti, launched the ‘Babasaheb Ambedkar Vahini’ for Dalits. While in the BSP, Bharti held several key positions, including the Purvanchal Zonal Coordinator. The alliance with Chandrasekhar Azad has been under discussion for the past few months. Chandrasekhar Azad met Akhilesh several times during this period.

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