Legal age of marriage for women: Young people demand raising the age of marriage, why raise the age of marriage for girls?

Summary

The law prescribes a minimum age for marriage to prohibit child marriage and to prevent harassment of minors. When the new law comes into force, the age of marriage will be the same for both men and women.

Prayagraj News: Couples getting married under a mass marriage scheme.
– Photo: Prayagraj

Listen to the news

The central government hopes to raise the age of marriage for girls from 18 to 21 years. To this end, the government will amend existing laws such as the Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, the Special Marriage Act and the Hindu Marriage Act. Information that the Cabinet has approved the proposal to amend the law. Prime Minister Modi addressed the issue from the Red Fort walls on August 15, 2020. The task force set up to reduce the age of marriage for girls recommended raising the age of girls. The government set up the task force in June last year.

What is a Task Force?
In June 2020, the Ministry of Women and Child Development set up a task force to examine the relationship between women’s issues of nutrition, anemia and other social indicators, and the age of marriage. The committee, headed by former Samata Party president Jaya Jaitley, also includes Nithi Aayog member (health) Dr VK Paul and several ministry secretaries. The committee had to think about raising the age of marriage, its impact on women and child health, as well as ways to increase access to education for women.

What does the Task Force recommendation say?
The committee recommended raising the age of marriage to 21 years based on views from young people from 16 universities across the country. The committee has enlisted the help of more than 15 NGOs to reach out to young people from remote areas and grassroots. The committee members said that feedback was taken from youth of all religions as well as from rural and urban areas. The task force, in its recommendation, stated that raising the age of marriage for girls from 18 to 21 would have a positive impact on families, women and children in all respects. Under current law, the minimum age of marriage in the country is 21 for men and 18 for women.

The government should also increase the number of schools and colleges
The committee urged the government to look into providing transport facilities especially for girls as well as expanding access to schools and colleges. Skills and vocational training such as sex education in schools are also recommended for girls.

Why the minimum age for marriage?
The law prescribes a minimum age for marriage to prohibit child marriage and to prevent harassment of minors. The minimum age of marriage for girls in India since 1978 is 18 years.

What are the main reasons for girl child marriage in India?
Early marriage in India is the result of very deeply rooted social norms that protect women from dignity or sexual violence only if they get married. Poverty, unwillingness to educate daughters, low dowry, lack of awareness and many other reasons force parents to marry off their daughters at an early age.

Why did the government decide to reconsider the age of marriage?
The Narendra Modi government has decided to reconsider the age of marriage for women for a number of reasons, including gender-neutrality. The young age of marriage and the resulting early pregnancies also affect the nutritional levels of mothers and their children and their overall health and mental health. It is considered to be one of the leading causes of infant mortality and maternal mortality. At the same time, it is also a major obstacle on the path to women’s empowerment, as it causes women to generally lose access to education and livelihood. According to the recently released National Family Health Survey (NFHS), the number of child marriages in the country has declined from 27 per cent in 2015-16 to 23 per cent in 2019-20, but the government continues to increase it. Focus on reducing it.

What is the age of marriage for girls in other countries of the world

The debate over raising the marriage age of girls in India raises curiosity about the age of marriage for women in other countries of the world. The age of marriage also varies around the world depending on the social and economic conditions of different countries of the world. According to an analysis of UN data from 2015-2018 for 83 countries, the world’s oldest grooms are from Estonia, where men marry after 36 years.

At the same time, the oldest brides were from Slovenia. The girls here get married at an average age of 34 years. The average age of marriage is higher in developed countries. The highest age of marriage for women in Asia is in South Korea, where women marry after an average of 31 years and five months.

What are the risks of getting married early for girls?

Childhood marriage of a girl child has many negative effects on her physical, mental and personality. Sociologists argue that child marriages deprive women of opportunities to get a proper education, employment, and advance in life. According to 2017 research published by the University of Cambridge in the UK on four South Asian countries, Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan, girls who get married early in these countries have similar problems.

In these countries, most girls under the age of 18 are still married, as determined by the United Nations. Research has shown that girls who get married at a young age experience negative results during childbirth. Such women were found to be malnourished and anemic. According to a research report, many women die from these causes.

What do critics say about raising the age of marriage?
Children and women’s rights activists and population and family planning experts are not in favor of raising the age of marriage for women. Experts agree that child marriages continue in India despite the legal age of marriage for women being 18, while such cases have declined as girls’ education and employment opportunities have increased.

Range

The central government hopes to raise the age of marriage for girls from 18 to 21 years. To this end, the government will amend existing laws such as the Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, the Special Marriage Act and the Hindu Marriage Act. Information that the Cabinet has approved the proposal to amend the law. Prime Minister Modi addressed the issue from the Red Fort walls on August 15, 2020. The task force set up to reduce the age of marriage for girls recommended raising the age of girls. The government set up the task force in June last year.

What is a Task Force?

In June 2020, the Ministry of Women and Child Development set up a task force to examine the relationship between women’s issues of nutrition, anemia and other social indicators, and the age of marriage. The committee, headed by former Samata Party president Jaya Jaitley, also includes Nithi Aayog member (health) Dr VK Paul and several ministry secretaries. The committee had to think about raising the age of marriage, its impact on women and child health, as well as ways to increase access to education for women.

.

[ad_2]

Source link

Leave a Comment

%d bloggers like this: