News Desk, Amar Ujala, Haryana
Published by: Bhupendra Singh
Thursday, 16 December 2021 04:39 PM Updated to IST
India won the Indo-Pakistani War on December 16, 1971. This day is celebrated as Victory Day. This was followed by an agreement between India and Pakistan, known as the Shimla Agreement. Minister Vijay was questioned on this.
Listen to the news
Wiz tweeted that politicians had lost the Shimla Accord in a battle won by soldiers on the battlefield in 1971. We have 93000 prisoners of war, if desired, we can take PoK as a reward for releasing them, but we did not bargain. This is a very big mistake, we still suffer to this day.
Politicians lost the Shimla Accord in 1971, a battle won by soldiers on the battlefield. We have 93000 prisoners of war (POW) if we want, we can take POK as a reward for releasing them but we made no bargain. This is a very big mistake, we still suffer to this day.
– Anil Wiz Minister Haryana (Ilanilwiz Minister) December 16, 2021
Significantly, on December 16, 1971, India achieved a historic victory in the Indo-Pak war. That is why today is celebrated as Vijay Diwas.
Anil Wiz raises questions on what the Shimla Accord is and when it happened
After the Indo-Pak war in 1971, more than 93,000 of his soldiers were taken prisoner of war. Following this, the exercise for the release of Pakistani prisoners of war began to improve relations between India and Pakistan. Then on 2 July 1972, an agreement was reached in Shimla for better relations between the two countries. This agreement is called the Shimla Agreement. The Shimla Agreement was signed by then Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi and then President of Pakistan Zulfikar Ali Bhutto.
Important points in the Shimla Agreement
Through this agreement, the two countries decided to enhance bilateral relations, maintain peace and co-operate with each other. For this, some things were agreed between the two countries. Here are those things …
- Both countries declared 17 September 1971 a ceasefire. Within 20 days of the agreement, the armies of the two countries decided to move to their respective borders.
- The leaders of the two countries / governments also decided to continue the meeting in the future. Officials of the two countries will continue talks to maintain normal relations.
- The two countries will hold direct talks for a peaceful resolution of all disputes and issues. No arbitration shall be conducted by third parties.
- Transportation facilities are arranged. So that the people of both countries can move easily.
- Where possible, trade and economic cooperation will be re-established.
- If the issue between the two countries is not finally resolved and the matter is pending, neither party will try unilaterally to change the situation.
- Both parties do not assist, encourage or co-operate in activities that disrupt the maintenance of peaceful and cordial relations.
- The two countries respect each other’s territorial integrity and sovereignty. They do not interfere in each other’s internal affairs on the basis of equality and mutual benefit.
- Both governments will do everything in their power to stop such violent propaganda aimed at either country. Both countries are encouraged to share such information with each other.
- For communication, surface communication will be restored, including postal, telegraph service, sea, border post, airline including aircraft.
- Representatives of the two sides will meet to discuss peacekeeping, the transfer of prisoners of war and urban prisoners, the final settlement in Jammu and Kashmir and the possibility of normalization of diplomatic relations.
- The two countries agreed to enhance trade and co-operation as much as possible in the economic and other spheres.
- Agreed to promote mutual exchange in the field of science and culture.