71 Story of the war: When the US came against India to help Pakistan, Russia stopped

News Desk, Amar Ujala, New Delhi

Published by: Subhash Kumar
Updated Thursday, 16 December 2021 04:37 AM IST

Summary

America came forward to help Pakistan during the Indo-Pak war. The United States has sent a seventh navy of its fleet near Japan to the Bay of Bengal to assist Pakistan.

US stepped in to help Pakistan in 1971 war (signal photo)
– Photo: ANI

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Today marks the 50th anniversary of India’s victory in the 1971 war with Pakistan. There is excitement across the country over this. On this day, December 16, 1971, India defeated Pakistan in the war and as a result, Bangladesh (formerly East Pakistan) emerged. 93,000 Pakistani soldiers surrendered to the Indian Army in this war. It is considered the largest military surrender in post-World War II history. The Pak army surrendered in just 13 days before the Indian army.

America came forward to help Pakistan
Once upon a time during the Indo-Pak war the US came forward to help Pakistan. The United States has sent a seventh fleet of its fleet near Japan to the Bay of Bengal to assist Pakistan. Nixon, the then US President, also said that the reason for this was the lack of good relations between the Indian Prime Minister and Indira Gandhi. During 1971, relations between the United States and Pakistan were considered very strong. The United States has provided many sophisticated weapons to Pakistan. The PNS Ghazi of the Pakistan Navy is also a US-built state-of-the-art submarine. It was sent to destroy the Indian aircraft carrier INS Vikrant. However, the Indian Navy dipped it near Visakhapatnam and broke the back of the Pak Navy.

What is so special about the Seventh Fleet?

The US Navy’s Seventh Fleet includes the USS Enterprise, a nuclear – powered aircraft carrier, and other destroyers. This navy was considered one of the most powerful navies in the world at that time. The USS Enterprise has the ability to travel from one corner of the world to another without the need for refueling. It is much larger than the Indian aircraft carrier INS Vikrant. The United States has said it wants to bring back all American nationals trapped in Bangladesh behind the deployment of the navy into the Bay of Bengal. However, it was later revealed that the navy intended to put pressure on the Indian Army fighting in East Pakistan at the time.

How did Russia help?
Following the news that the 7th Fleet of the US Navy was heading towards India, India sought assistance from Russia (formerly the Soviet Union). A few months before the start of the war, India signed the Soviet-Indian Agreement on Peace, Friendship and Cooperation with Russia. Seeing the US Navy moving towards the Bay of Bengal, Russia sent its nuclear-capable submarines and destroyers from the Pacific Ocean into the Indian Ocean to assist India.

The Pakistani army surrendered

The Pakistani army surrendered to India on December 16, 1971, before the US Seventh Fleet reached the Bay of Bengal to assist Pakistan. However, the Russian navy did not pursue the Seventh Fleet until its return.

Russia has also provided support to the United Nations Security Council
Many countries, including the United States, have sided with Pakistan in the ongoing Indo-Pakistani war. The United States has sought to help Pakistan by bringing a ceasefire resolution to the UN Security Council. However, Russia helped India by vetoing the proposal. For this reason Russia is also considered an evergreen ally of India.

Range

Today marks the 50th anniversary of India’s victory in the 1971 war with Pakistan. There is excitement across the country over this. On this day, December 16, 1971, India defeated Pakistan in the war and as a result, Bangladesh (formerly East Pakistan) emerged. 93,000 Pakistani soldiers surrendered to the Indian Army in this war. It is considered the largest military surrender in post-World War II history. The Pak army surrendered in just 13 days before the Indian army.

America came forward to help Pakistan

The US came forward to help Pakistan during the Indo-Pak war. The United States has sent a seventh navy of its fleet near Japan to the Bay of Bengal to assist Pakistan. Nixon, the then US President, also said that the reason for this was the lack of good relations between the Indian Prime Minister and Indira Gandhi. During 1971, relations between the United States and Pakistan were considered very strong. America has given many sophisticated weapons to Pakistan. The PNS Ghazi of the Pakistan Navy is also a US-built state-of-the-art submarine. It was sent to destroy the Indian aircraft carrier INS Vikrant. However, the Indian Navy dipped it near Visakhapatnam and broke the back of the Pak Navy.

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